Schokland stands as a symbol for the constant fight of the Netherland people against the sea. The area changed between sea, land, peninsula, island, moor or polder. Towards the end of the last ice age the glaciers transported rocks form Scandinavia to the Zuidersee.
When the ice dissappeared, it created a row of hills. The former island of Schokland was already inhabited in the Bronze Age. Traces of it have been found after the drainage of the polder.
Schokland was 4 km wide and in the beginning several km long. Because of the erosion the island became smaller and more difficult to live on. The water came closer and closer and around 1400 Schokland became an island in the stormy Zuidersee. It was a wave breaker for the dikes on the main land. The inhabitants loved their island and kept their traditions.
But island grew smaller and smaller, and the people living on it less and less. The community of Schokland was suspended on July, 1oth 1959, the inhabitants were relocated to other villages. The church built in 1834 is the only remaining building from these times.
After the drainage of the Noordoostpolder in 1941 the island changed to land forever.
In 1996 Schokland became UNESCO World Heritage. Till today one can see the former island rising in the very flat polder.